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What is COVID-19 ?

COVID-19 is a disease caused by the “novel corona virus”.

Common symptoms are:
 Dry cough
 Breathing difficulty
 Some patients also have aches and pains,
Nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or

About 80% of confirmed cases recover from the disease without any serious complications. However, one out
of every six people who gets COVID-19 can become seriously ill* and develop difficulty in breathing. In more
severe cases, infection can cause severe pneumonia and other complications which can be treated only at
higher level facilities (District Hospitals and above). In a few cases it may even cause death.

How does COVID-19 spread?

COVID-19 spreads mainly by droplets produced
as a result of coughing or sneezing of a COVID-19
infected person. This can happen in two ways:

Direct close contact: One can get the infection
by being in close contact with COVID-19
patients (within one Metre of the infected
person), especially if they do not cover their
face when coughing or sneezing.

Indirect contact: the droplets survive on
surfaces and clothes for many days. Therefore,
touching any such infected surface or cloth
and then touching one’s mouth, nose or eyes
can transmit the disease.
 The incubation period of COVID 19 (time between
getting the infection and showing symptoms) is
1 to 14 days
 Some people with the infection, but without any
serious symptoms can also spread the disease.

Which group of people are at higher risk of getting infected?

People who have travelled to other countries in last 14 days and their family members.
People coming from other states if they have been working with people who travelled to other countries in last 14 days.
Family members and contacts of patients confirmed to have COVID-19.
People older than 60 years of age and people with medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems, respiratory disease/asthma, cancer or diabetes are at higher risk for developing serious complications..